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philoguru
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Pennsylvania ΰ

Blog Open 09.17.2015

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* ̻ ڻ : ̷ , ̷ ϵ ־?"


ٽ 纸 ׶  


                           ~ ̻ / öйڻ


ī縯 θ () Ǵ


׿ÿ콺 Ȳ (Theodosius I, Theodosiun the Great.

347-395, , 379-395), 388,

׸() ž ƴ ͵鿡 ı ϸ鼭,

θ () ī縯 .


[θ ,

ܽźƼ(ܽźƾ , 272-337, 306-337 CE)

313 ǥ ж Ģ.]


׸ , , Ż ı μ...

־ (θ , ׸ , ¤Ʈ , ö )̳

... () ¡ ֵǾ ı ϰ Ǿ.


[Ͻ() ϰ ִ ׸ Yahweh()

ڱ 볳 ⿡

θ ʱô ߿ϰ

׸(Jupiter , ¾) Ͽ,

Apollo, Minerva, Diana, Juno, Venus θ

׸ Ե

(Zeus), Poseidon, Aphradite, Hermes, Dionysus, Hera

ôϰ Ǵ ̴.

(One and only deity)- װ Yahweh,

ƴϸ ߿ Allah- ϰ ִ Դ 

ڱ ͸ One and only deity( ) ̱⿡,

̰ Ÿ ۿ ̴!

Ͻű ٽű Ͻö.]


ƹ Ƹٿ ...

ڸ ǥ̳ ǰ ä,

() ¡ ̾ϱ!

[ڹ õǾ ִ θ ׸ ô ǰ,

ȴٸ ļյǾ Ѽյ ,

ٷ, ̷ Ÿ ϰ ֱ ̴.]


׸, Ӹ ƴϾ...

̾,

׸ ̳ θ ̶

ϰ Ǿ...


ϴٸ, 393

776 ȴ øǾ ȸ ǰ ȴ.

( ƴ ſ ̶ ..

1169 ̳ ̾  ȸ Ų ̾.)


׸Ͽ... ()

393̶ ذ, ׸ θ ء

Ҹ ̴!


------------------------------------------------------------   


ж ֱ Ϻνÿ콺


̷ ϴ Ȳ, ڿ ,

ж ֱ Ϻνÿ콺( Ambrose, Latin Ambrosius).


Ambrose(330-397, ֱⰣ 374-397),

43 () ().

(374), () ϴ , ж뿡,

õֱ ǰ ũ ҵ Ͼ Ǿ.

[̹ 325,

ɾ ȸ 3ü ä DZ Ͽ...

Ŀ, Ƹ콺(Ű ƴϴ )

Ÿÿ콺(ü ) ,

ǰ ϰ ӵǰ ־ ̾.]


׸Ͽ, Ϻν Ǿµ,

, ü ŵ Ǿ...

ü ŵȸ, () ֱ Ͽ.

(ٽ ؼ,

Ƹ콺ĵ , Ÿÿ콺(ü) ,

ڱ ֱ ̾.)


׷, ״ ڱ õֱ ƴ϶!, Ͽ...

׷, ü ڵ ʰ,

׷ٸ... () Ǵ ƴϳ? ,

ϸ鼭, ...

װ, () ޾Ұ, õֱ ڰ Ǿ.


׸ , Ϲ ڿ ֱ Ƿ

ܰ踦 ľ߸ Ǿ⿡...

׷ ܰ踦 ļ- ļ-

ֱ(ή) Ӹ Ǿ,

ж ֱ(Archbishop of Milan) ̴.

ж ֱ ӽ 374 12 7Ͽ Ǿ.


[ж뿡 ī (La Scala, 1778 8 3Ͽ ) ִ.

ī 12 7 ִµ...

, ֱ ׳̾

߿ ж ȣ

Ϻνÿ ٷ ׳̱ ̴

ٶ ̴ , ж ֱ

ο(Duomo di Milano, 1386 ) ִ.]


׷ٸ... Ϻνÿ콺 ñ ̾?


װ, ٷ,

Ȳ Ƿ° Ͽ,

õֱȸ () Ȯϰ δ ͡ ̾.


ϸ...

ƹ Ȳ ص, ϴ Ȳ õֱ ڷ ̻,

õֱ ڴ ֱ ۿ !

Ϻνÿ콺 ̹ ľϰ ־ ̴.

ڶ ٷ ġⰡ ٷ ڱⰡ ƴϴ?


̴ ...

Ϻνÿ콺 ֱ ī縯(õֱ) ؼ,

س ̴.

׷ ״ õֱ () Ǿ.

׷!

õֱȸ Ǵ ͵ κ װ ̶ ȴ.

ϰ Ÿ Ͽ .


̴̳ ٸ ϰ ϴ ()

,

ڸ ȸ ԽŰ Ȯ,

Ȯ,

ȸ ǽ ,

ڳ ȿ ڼ ,

ڿ ž ̷ Ȯ

() ž Ȯ ̾.

(Ͻ Ѹ ϴ ,

̳ ȣ Ȱų ϱ...

ο ȣڷ ε Ͽ,

ȣ ſ ȣ ġϿ, ҹ Ҹ

Ű ̵ ¥ ̴.)


׸Ͽ,

(, Saint) ڲٸ þ Ǵٺ...

ϳ 12 365, ,

ε Ϸ Ҵص ڶ ...

Ҵ ε ؼ,

Ѳ ߸ϴ ...

װ ٷ All Saints Day ( ) ε, 11 1 ̴!

׸Ͽ, ٷ, - ()- Halloween ̰.


-------------------------------------------------------------


׿ÿ콺 Ȳ

å ī縯(õֱ) Ͽ ϴ ,

̱() ô ø ־µ....

̷ Ȳ , ī縯

ø ϵο ִ 뱳ȸ ¿ Ͼ.

׷, ġ å ִ ׿ÿ콺 Ȳ

װ , ó϶!, ,

װ ֱԴ ź 뱳ȸ Ͽ

뱳鿡 ϶! ߴ.


׷, ж ֱ

̱() õ ü Ǽϴµ, õֱ ϴ

õֱ ̸ ̶ ǹ ´.


, Ȳ ڱ ϴ!, Ǵ

ֱ Ǹ Ͽ.

׷,

Ŀ, Ȳ ж뿡 ȵ Ǿ,

׸Ͽ, ж뿡 ȸ ͺ󼮿 ɰ Ǿµ...

Ϻνÿ콺 ֱ, ٷ, ȸ ġ ʰ,

ִ ε տ,

ش Ե ʴ´.

ȣ ־ ϴ ̾.

[ , װ п Ȳڸ ɾ ִ?

ƴϳ? ׷ ǰڴ?

! Ҹ.]


׸Ͽ, Ȳ,

ڱⰡ ( ó 뱳ȸ ) Ͽ...

ư

(ު) ؼ θ ȣ ѵȴ! ,

ο Ģɱ Ǿ.


Ϻνÿ콺 ֱ ! Ҹ!


׸,

Ŀ, ̷ ϵ鵵 ־...


ѹ αִ () ־.

׷, ,

϶! Ͽ...

źθ , Ͽ...

׻δŰ ׿.

׷, Ȳ ϰ,

İϿ ϶!, ȴ.

ùε Ǿ.


׷, Ϻνÿ콺 ǹ ż ߴ.

Ȳ å Ѵ!

Ȳ ˸ ı ߸ ȴ.

׷ ܿ !

ٽ ϸ...

˸ ϸ, ȸ Ѵ!

̾.


׷, Ȳ 8 ð,

, Ȳ ȭظ () Ͽ Ͽ.

׸Ͽ, Ȳ Ȳ ¡ϴ

հ ׸ ȭ ,

ȸ ڦ տ, ϰ ٸ ְ...

ֱ(ή) ȭ ĵ ģ ֱ

ڦ ͼ, ݰִ ()

ġ , ȸ , ڿ...

μ ȸ ϸ,

, ȸ ,

ü() Ҹ а ־.


[* ī ̶ , ߿, ߼, ־...

1077 ī(¸ ߺο ִ )

żθ Ȳ θ 4, ӿ ,

7 ־.

̰ ī ̶ ϴµ....

̰ ְ, ̹, 700 ۵ ̴.]


׿ÿ콺, Ȳ DZ ,

ξƼ, ־µ...

, ׻δŰ ֱԼ () ִµ,

, ̴ 30 ʹ̾.

̷, ϴ ڰ ǰ ,

ʹ Ѹ () ̴!

׷, Ŀ Ͼ

ϰ ġ⡱ ƴѰ?


׿ÿ콺 Ȳ, ̷, õֱ Ͽ

ϵ Ͽ ...

õֱ , ׿ÿ콺 ȲԵ,

Magnus(״)- The Great- ()- ȣĪ ٿ ־.


[ȿ, (the Great) (Magnus) ȣĪ ִ

ִµ... ׵ ߿ Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE) ,

, õֱ ͵̴.]


׿ÿ콺 395 µ...

(׸ , 81 Ŀ, θ ϰ ...)

, 

Ƶ Ƹī콺(18)Դ θ ,

° Ƶ ȣ븮콺(10)Դ θ ־.

θ ̵ü() ó, ,

ٽ Ϸ ־...

, ̷ Ͽ,

θ Էθ षθ ǰ Ǵ ̴.


षθ ش 476 CE å Ǿ ִ.

, 476 CE , иϰ, ...

() (), å Ͽ Ÿ ʴ.

ϴ. 𸣱 ̴.

ֳϸ, õ ٰ Ͽ ̴.

ƹư, θ 1,000 ̶ ϰ ִ.


[Roman Republic (θ , 509 BCE- 27 BCE)

Roman Empire (θ , θ , The post-Republican period,

27 BCE- 476 CE). Ȯ ޼ 985...

θ Ǹ 753 BCE -

()θ 476 CE 1,229 ȴ.]


Ȥڴ, Ʋ, ̷ ̴.

θ 476 ƴ϶ 1453̶.


,

װ ()θ̶ ̰,

θ ð ִ θ 476 عȴ.

׷!

θ ð θ ״ ޾Ƶ ְڴ°?


θ ī縯(õֱ) () ϰ ĺ,

θ , ħ ϰ Ǿ!

,

ݸ鿡, ְ Ǿ...

θ 3 ߴ! ̴.


ó θ Ͽ,

(θ) Ͽ,

׸ ī縯 Ͽ!


-------------------------------------------------------------


, ձǽż() ̶ ,

θ ܽźƾ(, 306-337) ̾.


̹, ٸ ۿ Ͽ ,

Ϲε Ͽ, ˱ , ϸ...

Ȳ ΰ ϴ ƴ϶, Ͽ ֽ ̴! ,

س ... ڸ ڱ ,

ڿ ڱ Ǿ ϱ...

ġ ȼ ȹϴµ ־! ̴.


, տ 󸶳 ϰ ̳? ϸ...

ƹ ٺ Ű ̶, ƹ ̶,

̳ ߸ ,

ſϰų ݴ Ǿ ...

, ٷ, տ ſϰų ݴ븦 ϴ ,

, â̰ ſϰ ݴϴ DZ ̴!


-----------------------------------------------------------


() Ʊ׽Ƽ (Augustine of Hippo)


... Ѱ ٿ ...

װ, ٷ, ж ֱ Ϻνÿ콺 ̾߱Ⱑ ,

ݵ, ٰ Ǿ ִ ִµ... 

  ̸ ٷ

St. Augustine (Augustine of Hippo, 354-430 CE) .

[ī縯 Ү Ӹ ƴ϶,

ǰ City of God(),

Confessions() θ ˷ ̴.]


, θ ӷ() () ī ̾µ,

( , ī Ϻ θ .)

Ż Milan(ж) ͼ, п л ġٰ,

ж ֱ() Ϻνÿ콺 ް,

33 387 4, () ޾ õֱ ڰ Ǿ.


׸ ,

ī Ÿ׷ ư Ȱ ,

9 Ȱ ϴٰ,

43 397 ֱ() Ǿ.


ֱ ƿ챸Ƽ ð ִ ī ,

ϰ ö žӻȰ ϴ (Donatists)

θ ־.

(Donatists),

װ ־ (Donatus 313-347)

ĸ ´ ε...


ֱ 󸶳 ö žӻȰ Ͽ...

ȸ ϰ ˾ ϴ ẕ̌⿡,

˸ - ˶ ؾ ˰ ƴ϶ ž -

ȸ ʰ, ٽ () ޾

ó ٽ ؾ߸ ȴ! Ͽ...

Ӹ ƴ϶,

303-305 ־ ׸ ,

ظ ߵ ϰ ȴ (ֱ, , ) ־µ...

- ذ - ȸ ǵ ׷

޾ ʰ, () ϰ ۾ Ͽ.

ٷ, ׷ ϰ Բ ൿ ڵ

(Donatists) ϴ ̴.


[ ݸ鿡,

īŸ(Carthage) ڵ

õֱ ȴ ڵ Ϳ Ͽµ... 

īŸ ֱ(Bishop of Carthage)

Űƴ(Cyprianus, 200?-258),

ڱ ڽŵ Ѷ ź ġ⵵ Ͽ,

̻ ! ĸ԰, Ͽ ̴.


״, ׿ ô뿡, װ(Carthage, Tunisia) Ҵ

Tertullian(115-240) ̾.

Tertullian ī縯 (ݫ) شǴ , .

θ ˷ Ϳ

ո()ϱ ϴ´.

Certum est quia impossibile est

(It is certain because it is impossible) ִ.

, ոϱ , ()ϱ ,

ʱ , ϴ ̴! ǹ̴.
׸

׸ Ǵ ,

׸ ¾ ƴϴ! ִ.

׷! ȵǴ ½ž(ٽ) ϴ

ڵ ߸ ̴!

[, ״ ü ߽ϴ 

Montanus Montanism Ͽµ...

õֱ Ͽ Montanism Ӯ ǰ ,

׵ õֱ .]



Űƴ ġ⿡Դ ġ å ,

Ͽ ׷ å 䱸ϴ ΰ ߳!

ϰ ־ .

ī ޾Ҵ.

(״, ī縯 ȸ η Ǿ ְ,

ȸ (St. Cyprian) Ǿ ִ.)

,

̷ ž ϸ鼭

(˭) Ͽ.]


׸Ͽ,

õֱ () ̴(Ӯ) ...

Ĵ õֱ иǾ ,

ȸ ϰ Ǿ, ݸ() Ǿ.


׷, ƿ׽Ƽ ֱ ϴ ī縯 ,

̴(Ӯ) ȸ ¿, ׿.

׷, ۿ ...

Ŀ ƿ챸Ʈ ֱ ٹ̰ Ǿ.


׷, θ () ϸ鼭,

ħ ħ ϰ ް Ǿ... 

ħ, ī װ ĵ

Ϲ ߸ ݴ(Vandals)[1] Ͽ,

430 8 28, ü ı ,

ÿ Բ, ƿ챸 () ϰ Ǿ.


׷, , ħڵ ,

ħ Ż Ͽ տ,

װ ʰ ׳ ̾!, ִ.

׷ ʾҴ... ý()

ƿ ƹ ̸!


ٷ, ηߴ,

õֱŵ ƿ챸Ƽ ý() Ǿ,

ؿ ġ Ű.

, ߼ , 縣׳

ƿ챸Ƽ () ŻϿ, 

װ ã ġ߸ Ǿ,

ġ , õֱ ڵ տ ƿ

() Ż ĺ Ǿ ÿ ̸ ִ.


~ Sang Bong Lee, Ph. D,
Dr. Lees Closing Arguments,
Dr. Lees Lessons: Discovering Your Nature,
Dr. Lees Iconoclasm (sblee707@hotmail.com)

All rights reserved and copyrighted ( )



[1] Vandals (ݴ): Ը ķ, ó ߴ .

5 ΰ Ͼī ĵ ͼ ձ .


"⺻" īװ ٸ
α α
âȸ Ӱ 03/04/2016
(ѱ) ̻ϰԸ ̴ ѱ()01/24/2016
ž(ٽ)̶ ͸ ѱ01/11/2016
ε ̾߱07/25/2017
ְ Ѹ : ̰ !02/04/2017
(ѱ) ѱ ߿¡01/27/2016
(Ϲ ̾߱: ) ڰ , ڰ 05/02/2017
â С̶ ִٰ?08/20/2016
ָ ְ 08/01/2017
( ñ ) , ̿! ˷ ֽö!06/11/2016

ٽ 纸 ׶