유디트書(Book of Judith)는 구약성서의 외경(外經)에 포함되어 있고
개신교 성경에는 없는것으로
내용은 유대땅 베툴리아(Betulia)에 살던 과부여인 유디트(Judith)가 미인계로
침략국 앗씨리아의 장수 홀러페르네스(Holofernes)를
베툴리아로 들어가는 비밀통로를 알려주겠다고 하며 꼬셨고
주연이 있은 후 잠든 홀러페르네스의 목을 베어 돌아와서
사기충천한 유대인들이 앗씨리아군인들을 물리쳤다는 얘기이다.
Book of Judith, Chap. 13
|1 It grew late and his staff hurried away. Bagoas closed the tent from the outside, having shown out those who
still lingered in his lord's presence. They went to their beds wearied with too much drinking,
2 and Judith was left alone in the tent with Holofernes who had collapsed wine-sodden on his bed.
|3 Judith then told her maid to stay just outside the bedroom and wait for her to come out, as she did every
morning. She had let it be understood she would be going out to her prayers and had also spoken of
her intention to Bagoas.
4 By now everyone had left Holofernes, and no one, either important or unimportant, was left in the bedroom.
my hands are now to do for the greater glory of Jerusalem;
|5 now is the time to recover your heritage and to further my plans to crush the enemies arrayed against us.|
6 With that she went up to the bedpost by Holofernes' head and took down his scimitar;
8 Twice she struck at his neck with all her might, and cut off his head.
|9 She then rolled his body off the bed and pulled down the canopy from the bedposts. After which,
she went out and gave the head of Holofernes to her maid
10 who put it in her food bag. The two then left the camp together, as they always did when they went to pray.
Once they were out of the camp, they skirted the ravine, climbed the slope to Bethulia and made for the gates.
.......... (Catholic Onlines에서)
|Peter Paul Rubens. Judith with the Head of Holofernes. 1616|
|43.70 x 47.24 in, ||Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig, Germany |
분노에 가득찬 유디트의 얼굴표정과
풍만한 몸과 잘린 홀러페르네스의 머리부분이
루벤스특유의 명암으로 잘 나타나있다.
Gustav Klimt. Judith I. 1901.
Oil on canvas. 84 x 42 cm. The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, Austria.
잘 알려진 클림트의 그림. (특히 한국에)
애국여인이라기 보다는 전형적인 팜므파탈(Femme Fatal)로 그렸다.
목장식이나 배경에 사용된 문양은 실제로
니느웨(Nineveh)지역에서 발굴된 앗씨리아의 유적에서
Giuditta (Judith), widow of Manasses: Marijana Mijanovic (Alto)
Amital, noblewoman of Israel: Julia Kleiter (Soprano)
Achior, prince of the Ammonites: Franz-Joseph Selig (Bass)
Cabri (Cabris) e Carmi, populace' chiefs: Irena Bespalovaite (Soprano)
Ozia (Ozias), governor of Bethulia: Jeremy Ovenden (Tenor)
Munich Chamber Orchestra
Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung
제일 마지막 곡인 Lodi al gran Dio(크신 하나님을 찬양하라)
Judith의 독창과 베툴리아주민들의 합창이다.
Achior가 부르는 Terribile d'aspetto(무서운 문제점들은).
Ozia가 합창단과 부르는 Pietà, se irato sei